Safety and prevention. People are advised to avoid direct sunlight and physical activity during the hottest parts of the day, and to drink water and freshen up often.
The warning stage of the action plan for the heatwave includes two outdoor information and care units to provide support for the most vulnerable groups. Municipal services will be maintained throughout the hot spell, until temperatures drop back below the warning threshold.
Professionals coordinated by the Barcelona Social Emergency and Urgent Care Centre (CUESB) are taking to the streets during the hottest parts of the day to hand out water to the homeless and tell them about the possibility of using air-conditioned spaces during the hottest hours.
The teams also contact emergency medical services if they come across anybody at risk due to the effects of the heat.
Prevention operation for vulnerable people
At the same time, telecare services, home help services and social services centres are keeping vulnerable people informed and checking on them. Where necessary, measures are taken to avoid those at most risk from venturing outdoors at the hottest times of the day.
Other measures include extra activity at air-conditioned centres, such as community centres for the elderly, day centres and centres for people with disabilities.
Keep temperatures under control at home:
- During the day, close the shutters of windows in direct sunlight.
- Open windows at night to ventilate the home.
- Keep to the coolest rooms.
- Use some sort of cooling system (ventilators, air-conditioning, fans etc.) and aim to spend at least two hours a day in air-conditioned places, such as libraries or cinemas.
- Freshen up regularly by showering or using damp towels.
Avoid direct sunlight outdoors:
- Wear a cap or hat or use some sort of sun shade.
- Wear light clothing (such as cotton), in light colours and not too tight-fitting.
- Try to walk in the shade, use a sun shade at the beach and rest in cool spots in the street, or in closed spaces with air-conditioning.
- Carry water with you and drink it often.
- Wet your face a little and even your clothes too.
- Take care with car journeys in the hottest parts of the day and don’t stay in the car with the windows up.
- Limit physical activity during the hottest times of the day.
- Avoid leaving the house during the hottest times of the day.
In terms of food and drink:
- Drink water and fruit juices.
- Avoid alcoholic drinks.
- Avoid food which is very hot or high in calories.
- If you know elderly or sick people who live alone, try to visit them once a day and make sure they’re following this advice.
- If they are on medication, check with their doctor if it can affect their temperature control or if any adjustments or changes are needed.
Between 15 June and 15 September a public telephone service is available (900 70 30 30), for information and queries.